Ap 2 cardiovascular system

Abnormal Heart Rhythms The heart is an amazing organ.

As the blood returns to the heart, the vessels get bigger and bigger. The part of the cycle in which contraction occurs is called systole, and the part in which relaxation occurs is called diastole.

Cardiovascular disease

Venules are the equivalent of arterioles for veins as they are increasingly large from small diameter vessels to maintain the pressure from the capillaries.

For example, if our body temperature gets too low, less activity occurs in our body, lowering survival rate and if it gets lower than 68 degrees Fahrenheit, the heart in humans stops beating entirely, resulting in death.

Continued Other Vascular Diseases Your circulatory system is made up of the vessels that carry blood to every part of your body.

Answers to Guiding Questions Crash Course 1. The arteries become even smaller vessels called arterioles, and then the smallest vessels calledcapillaries. This causes blood to leak backwards, leading to fluid backup in the lungs.

Vascular disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system. These arteries become smaller arterioles and then once again capillaries. Blood Types There are four blood groups: Obesity and diabetes mellitus are often linked to cardiovascular disease, [64] as are a history of chronic kidney disease and hypercholesterolaemia.

These include diseases of the arteries and blood flow to the brain.

A special conduction system makes sure that your heart beats rhythmically. We call this systemic circulation. The damaged cells and platelets release substances that activate clotting factors and a series of reactions occur. Blood travels from the right atrium to the right ventricle through the right atrioventricular valve or tricuspid.

It beats in a steady, even rhythm, about 60 to times each minute. It must be moist in order for the molecules to pass through the membrane. The aorta then branches out into smaller vessels called arteries. Muscle contractions from moving your arms or legs squeeze your enlarged veins and push blood back to the venae cavae and into the heart to renew their pressure.

Steinbaum, MD on July 25, Sources. If you have it, you can live a healthier, more active life by learning about your disease and taking care of yourself. So how does this blood get back to the heart? In an open circulatory system, blood is carried by open-ended blood vessels that spill blood into the body cavity.

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There is evidence that workplace exposure to lead, carbon disulphide, phenoxyacids containing TCDD, as well as working in an environment where aluminium is being electrolytically produced, is associated with stroke. White blood cells fight infection by protecting the body against foreign organisms.

Many simple aquatic organisms have no trouble moving materials across their membranes since their metabolic needs are met by diffusion. Blood is always red due to the iron in the hemoglobin of the red blood cells.

Blood vessels that leave the heart are always called arteries.- Analyzing the Cardiovascular System The Cardiovascular system consists of the heart, and a closed system of vessels called arteries, veins, and capillaries.

Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases

The heart is the pump responsible for maintaining adequate circulation of oxygenated blood around the vascular network of the body. The cardiovascular system is comprised of the heart and the circulatory system. Take this quiz to find out what you know about this organ system.

THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM - Animal Structure and Function - Cracking the AP Biology Exam - will help you brush up on your AP Biology and prepare for the exam using time-tested principle: Crack the system based on how the test is created.

NAME _____ LAB TIME/DATE _____ REVIEW SHEET Human Cardiovascular 33exerciseA Physiology: Blood Pressure and Pulse Determinations. In this chapter, you will explore the remarkable pump that propels the blood into the vessels.

There is no single better word to describe the function of the heart other than “pump,” since its contraction develops the pressure that ejects blood into the major vessels: the aorta and pulmonary trunk. diffusion of calcium (1 & 2). So, repolarization begins with a plateau phase.

Then, potassium diffuses out much more rapidly as the calcium channels close (3), and the .

Ap 2 cardiovascular system
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